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CHRONOLOGY OF SIGNIFICANT EVENTS

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B.C.

11000-10000 B.C.(c) Final cold spell of the Ice Ages.
10000 B.C.(c) Climatic improvement.
6000 B.C.(c) High sea level. Isle of Man isolated from surrounding countries. The Ayres beneath sea level.
5500 B.C.(c) Mesolithic occupants of island left datable material.
4000 B.C.(c) Beginning of Neolithic period.
l800 B.C.(c) Beginning of Bronze Age.
500 B.C.(c) Beginning of Iron Age.

A.D.

731 Bede's 'Ecclesiastical history' contains an estimate of Mans population.
798 Viking raids in Irish Sea.
850(c)Norse settlements on Man.
930-950(c) Norse sculptor Gautr producing crosses
973 Maccus, or Magnus, King of Many Islands one of the eight kings who rowed English King Edgar on the Dee.
978 Magnus slain by Brian Boroimhe.
989 Godred Haraldsson, King of Man and the Isles, slain in Scotland.
1005 Death of Reginald, son of Godred, King of Man and the Isles.
1014 Battle of Clontarf, where Norsemen from Man were involved.
1035 End of reign of Sitric Silkbeard, King of Dublin, who may have promoted Norse settlements in northern Man.
1064 Death of Thorfinn the Mighty Earl of Orkney End of Orkney rule in Hebrides.
1066 Battle of Stamford Bridge. where Godred Crovan supported Hadrada, King of Norway.
1075 Death of Godred Sitricson, King of Man.
1079 Godred Crovan invaded Man and fought at the Battle of Skyhill.
1094 Gogred Crovan expelled from Dublin.
1095 Death of Godred. King of Man and the Isles.
1096 First Crusade began - Lagman, King of Man and the Isles, died on this Crusade (1096-99)
1098 Civil war in Man culminates in Battle of Santwat. Arrival in Man of Magnus Barefoot, King of Norway.
1103 Death of Magnus Barefoot in Ireland.
1134 Rushen Abbey founded.
1147 Rushen Abbey transferred from Savignians to the Cistercians.
1153 Olaf I slain by his nephews at Ramsey
1156 Somerled fought sea battle against Godred II; neither gained victory and therefore shared out the Southern Islands (Hebrides).
1157(c) Godred, King of Man, invited to rule in Dublin.
1158 Somerled arrived in Ramsey Bay and forced Godred to flee from the Island.
1176 John de Courcy began subjection of Ulster. Godred was involved in supporting his subsequent rule there.
1178 Donation of Curragh land at Myroscough to Rievaulx Abbey.
1180(c) Lower keep of Castle Rushen built b Godred.
1190(c) Jocelin of Furness wrote a 'Life of St. Patrick' containing allusions to the Isle of Man.
1193 King Reginald's fleet at Anglesey in support of Rhodri ap Owain Gwynedd.
1210 The Isle of Man pillaged by King John because of Reginald's allegiance to Norway
1219 King Reginald holds Man as a fief of the Pope.
1226 Olaf landed at Ronaldsway and drove out Reginald.
1229 King Reginald I slain at Tynwald.
1230(c) Building of St. German's Cathedral, St. Patrick's Isle by Bishop Symon.
1230 Olaf granted land at Ballacgniba for a new hospital and the churches of St. Ninian and St. Ronan to St. Ninian's Abbey, Whithorn.
1246 Charter of King Harald gave mining rights to Furness Abbey.
1248 Death of Bishop Symon. He appears to have resided at Bishopscourt and founded the new cathedral of St. German.
1249 Assassination of King Reginald II by the knight Ivar.
1249 Death of Alexander II of Scotland on the point of launching an attack on the Isles.
1257 King Magnus granted the Island of St Patrick to the Church.
1257 First portion of Cronica Regum Mannie et Insularum completed.
1263 King Hakon's expedition to check Alexander III's ambition to rule in the Largs. Death of Hakon in Orkney.
1264 Magnus submitted to Alexander III at Dumfries, promising 10 galleys whenever required by the Scots.
1265 Death of Magnus.
1266 Treaty of Perth transferred sovereignty of Man and the Isles from Norway to Scotland. Man governed by a succession of Scottish bailies until c1290.
1275 Mans insurrection under Godred, son of Magnus, crushed after a battle at Ronaldsway.
1290 Edward I took the Manx community under his protection.
1313 Robert Bruce landed at Ramsey and later captured Castle Rushen.
1316 Richard de Mandeville landed at Ronaldsway looted Rushen Abbey and defeated the Manx on the slopes of South Barrule.
1333 William de Montecute became ruler of Man after defeat of the Scots in the battle of Halidon Hill.
1336 William de Montecute (Montague) created Earl of Salisbury by Edward III.
1342 300 merks paid by Manx to buy off continuing harassment.
1346 English rule in Man became really effective following battle of Neville's Cross.
1387 Partition of diocese of Sodor.
1388 Scottish raid on Man causing damage to St. German's Cathedral.
1388 Sale of Isle of Man by Earl of Salisbury to William le Scrope, Earl of Wiltshire.
1392 William le Scrope licensed to build a castle on St. Patrick's Isle. He also repaired and remodelled St. Germans Cathedral.
1397 Banishment of Thomas Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, to Man.
1399 Earliest evidence for the use of Peel in the Isle of Man.

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1405 Beginning of Stanley rule in Man as a reward for their support of Henry IV and the Lancastrian cause.
1422 Tynwald held at Reneurling, Kirk Michael, following a serious riot.
1422 All Scots, other than licensed traders, evicted from the Island.
1429 Tynwald held at Cronk Keeill Abban where trial by jury replaced ordeal by battle.
1456 Scottish attack on Man. Expeditionary force sent from Kirkcudbright.
1457 Thomas Stanley led a retaliatory raid on Kirkcudbright with over 500 men.
1458 Diocese of Sodor transferred from the Archdiocese of Drontheim, Norway to the Province of York.
1460(c) New curtain wall built at Peel Castle.
1504 Regal title 'King of Man dropped by Thomas Stanley III in favour of Lord of Man.
1525 Glacis of Castle Rushen built.
1539 Dissolution Act for closure of religious houses.
1540 Rushen Abbey dissolved.
1540(c) Derby Fort, St. Michael's Isle built; also Douglas Fort.
1547 Scottish raid on Man.
1572 Death of Edward, Earl of Derby followed by advance of Protestantism in Man.
1586 Cambden's 'Britannia' published containing information on Man given by Bishop Meyrick.
1595 English Crown assumed control of Man, following a Derby succession dispute, and amidst fears of a Spanish invasion of England.
1597 Clock in Castle Rushen presented to the Island by Queen Elizabeth I
1610 Translation of the Book of Common Prayer into Manx by Bishop Phillips establishing the scheme of Manx orthography.
1626-29 Thomas Bushell on the Calf of Man.
1627 Arrival of Lord Strange (later 7th Earl of Derby) in Man. he was the first of the Stanleys to reside on the Island for a lengthy period and was able to exercise close supervision of Island affairs.
1627-34 Edward Christian, a Manxman, Governor.
1642 Civil War begins in England - Lord Strange one of the leading Royalists.
1643 Return of Stanley (now 7th Earl of Derby) after Royalist reverses in Lancashire. Isle of Man becomes a Royalist refuge. Bride and Ramsey raided by a Scottish ship.
1643-51 Coastal batteries established to protect the Island.
1650 First Quakers arrive in the Isle of Man to avoid persecution in England.
1650(c) William Blundell's account of the Island - published in 1876 as 'A History of the Isle of Man'.
1651 Earl of Derby took a force of 300 men from the Island to support Charles II and was present when overcome by Parliamentarians at Wigan Lane. Derby captured after battle of Worcester, later beheaded at Bolton. Revolt of Manx militia on landing of Duckinfleld's troops at Ramsey
1654 Death of Philip Christian, clothworker, in London.
1656 Daniel Kings 'Vale Royall' published with an account of Man by the Commonwealth Governor, Challoner, a map and eight views derived from drawings by King, c1644-48.
1660 Act of Indemnity passed following the Restoration. Return of Stanleys.
1663 William Christian (Illiam Dhone) executed at Hango Hill.
1668 Manx coins minted by John Murray.
1672 Indulgence under which the persecution of Quakers ceased.
1676 Fodder Jury set up.
1689 Clothworkers School, Peel founded.
1697 Smuggling first reported on the Island.
1703 Money payments for penances abolished by Church Convocation.
1704 Act of Settlement, the 'Manx Magna Carta' gave security of tenure.
1706 Douglas Grammar School founded.
1707 First public library opened in Castletown by Bishop Wilson. First printed work in the Manx language - The Principles and Duties of Christianity' by Bishop Wilson.
1717 The last witch trial on the Island.
1722 Imprisonment of Bishop Wilson and his two Vicars-General in Castle Rushen.
1726 First recorded census giving population as 14,426. Its accuracy is disputable.
1729 Bell in Castle Rushen clock tower presented by King James II.
1737 Lenient debt law's make Island a haven for debtors.
1738-40 Corn famine.
1746 Peel Grammar School founded.
1758 John Merlin, the first Methodist Preacher in Man.
1760 Sea battle between the French and English off the Ballaugh coast.
1761 Papermaking introduced to the Island by McDaniel.
1762 Ramsey Grammar School founded.
1763 Peel Mathematical School founded.
1765 Second Manx Prayer Book translated by Bishop Hildesley
1765 Act of Revestment which transferred the Lordship of the Island to the Crown.
1765 Mischief Act under which ships were searched for contraband.
1765-66 Over 1,000 persons emigrated from Man.
1775 Whitehaven Bible published.
1777 Enquests abolished (but reintroduced in 1793).
1777 John Wesley visited the Island (also in 1781).
1780 Crypt of St German's Cathedral, St. Patrick's Isle, last used as a prison.
1781 William Bligh and Elizabeth Bentham married at Onchan Church.
1787 Manx herring fishing disaster at Douglas.
1787 Mutiny on the ship, Bounty
1790 The boat Peggy built and now preserved in the Nautical Museum, Castletown.
1792 The first Manx newspaper 'Manx Mercury' printed.
1793 Enquest reintroduced to settle a land dispute.
1795 Manx Wesleyan Hymn Book published.
1797 'The Statute Laws of the Isle of Man' by C. Briscoe published.
1798 John Felthams book, 'Tour of the Isle of Man' published.

BC | AD | 1000 | 1100 | 1200 | 1300 | 1400 | 1500 | 1600 | 1700 | 1800 | 1900

1800 Red Pier, Douglas completed.
1801 'Manx Advertiser' published by G. Jefferson.
1802 Castle Mona, Douglas built
1804 Publication of a grammar of the Manx language by the Revd. John Kelly.
1807 New cloth mill at Blackhill, renamed Union Mills
1809 John Kelly died.
1809-20 Colby Music Books collected.
1810 Fort Anne, Douglas built.
1813 Hand made paper produced by John Gelling.
1813 The first Congregational Church built in Athol Street, Douglas.
1813 The first Roman Catholic Church built in Douglas.
1818 Point of Ayre lighthouse built, also Calf lighthouse.
1819 Skeleton of Great Deer discovered at Ballaugh.
1821 Wheat embargo riots quelled by Militia.
1821 Census gave Island population of 40,081.
1822 First Manx Guide Book published by S. Haining.
1824 National Lifeboat Institution founded by William Hillary.
1825 Potato riots caused by imposition of tithes.
1827-28 Many Manx emigrants settling in Cleveland area of Ohio, U.S.A.
1829 Mona's Isle Company (later The I.O.M. Steam Packet Company) founded.
1829 Last hereditary rights of the Lord of Man purchased by the Crown.
1830 T. E. Brown born.
1831 Edward Faragher (Ned Beg Hum Ruy) born in Cregneash.
1832 Tower of Refuge, Conister Rock, built.
1832 Mona's Isle Company becomes The Isle of Man Steam Packet Company.
1832 Cholera epidemic. Also in 1844 and 1853.
1833 R. Fargher became founder and first editor of the Mona's Herald.
1813 Douglas head lighthouse built.
1833 King William's College opened.
1835 First gas supply to Douglas houses.
1838 Cregeen's Dictionary of the Manx Language' published.
1839 Commutation Act which provided for the redemption of tithes.
1839 Attempt made to annex the Diocese of Sodor and Man to that of Carlisle but failed.
1840 Harold Tower, Douglas built.
1841 Archibald Cregeen died.
1841 Census of 41,571.
1844 King William's College destroyed by fire and rebuilt the same year.
1845 Old Pier, Port St. Mary built,
1846 Ramsey's first newspaper Mans Press' published.
1847 Visit by the Royal Yacht when Prince Albert came ashore and climbed Lhergy Frissell. A Tower was erected to commemorate the visit.
1847-48 Another marked phase of emigration from Man follows failure of potato crop and gold discoveries in U.S.A. and Australia.
1848 Great Laxey Mining Company formed.
1849 Bank of Mona established.
1852 The brig Lily laden with gunpowder, shipwrecked and blown up on Kitterland rocks.
1853 Dumbell's Bank founded.
1853 Voyage of schooner Vixen from Peel to Australia in 92 days.
1854 Edward Forbes died.
1854 Edward Gawne, the last Speaker of the self-elected House of Keys.
1851 'Ellan Vannin' composed by Eliza C. Green.
1854 Laxey Waterwheel (Lady Isabella) built.
1855 St. Nicholas' Chapel, Bishopscourt built.
1855 George Borrow visited the Island.
1857 First street lighting by gas in Castletown, Peel and Ramsey.
1857 Taverns (Sunday Closing) Act passed.
1858 Common lands of the Island divided between the Lord, the Nation and the people.
1860 Street lighting by gas in Douglas.
1861 Isle of Man Times founded.
1862 Seal of Government transferred from Castletown to Douglas.
1862 Castle Rushen used as a gaol.
1863 Biography of Bishop Wilson by J. Keeble published.
1863 J. A. Caley, the Sulby Giant, died.
1864 First telegraphic cable laid from St Bee's to Port Cornaa.
1865 Manx Companies Act which introduced limited liability
1865 Bemahague, Onchan leased for use as Government House.
1866 First elected house of Keys following the Reform Act.
1866 Isle of Man Banking Company registered.
1866 Kelly's 'Triglot Dictionary' re-printed.
1867 J.S. Goldie-Taubman, first Speaker of the newly elected House of Keys.
1869 Ramsey Volunteers disbanded.
1869 Iron Pier, Douglas built.
1870 Battery Pier, Douglas built.
1871 Milner Tower, Bradda Head built
1871 Victoria Pier, Douglas completed but has since been extended.
1872 The last execution on the Island when Kewish was found guilty of murdering his father.
1873 Isle of Man Railway between Douglas and Peel opened.
1874 Isle of Man Railway between Douglas and Port Erin opened.
1875 Henri Josef Baume died.
1875 Buchan School for Girls, Castletown founded by Lady L. Buchan.
1875 Attempt to unite the Diocese of Sodor and Man with that of Liverpool but which failed.
1876 Douglas Bay Horse Tramway opened.
1876 Bank of Mona liquidated.
1876 Clypse reservoir completed.
1877 Port Erin breakwater completed but destroyed by a storm in 1887.
1878 Loch Promenade, Douglas opened.
1878 Sodor and Man Theological School established by Bishop Hill.
1879 Isle of Man Natural History and Antiquarian Society founded.
1879 Manx Northern Railway between St. Johns and Ramsey opened.
1880 Isle of Man Examiner founded by S. K. Broadbent
1880 Langness Point lighthouse built.
1882 Alfred Pier, Port St. Mary' completed.
1886 Queen's Pier. Ramsey built.
1886 Mineral line from St Johns to Foxdale opened.
1887 Mooragh Park, Ramsey opened.
1887 Taverns Act passed which secured the closing of public houses on Sundays.
1888 Lady Buchan died.
1889 Queen's Promenade, Douglas completed.
1891 Publication of A. W. Moore's 'Carvalyn Gailckagh'
1892 Iron Pier, Douglas demolished and sold.
1892 Mans Music Festival first held.
1894 Manx Electric Railway between Douglas and Laxey opened. Extended to Snaefell in 1895 and to Ramsey in 1898.
1894 Legislative Buildings, Douglas opened.
1895 The Great Snow.
1896 First Baptist Church built in Broadway, Douglas.
1896 Upper Douglas Cable Tramway opened.
1896 'Manx National Songs' published.
1896 Central Promenade, Douglas opened.
1897 T. E. Brown died.
1898 Gas street lighting in Port St. Mary.
1899 Manx Language Society founded by J. J. Kneen.
1900 Dumbell's Bank failed.
1900 A. W. Moore's 'History of the Isle of Man' published.
1900 Government House, Onchan purchased by the Mans Government.
1901 All 313 Aesop Fables translated into Manx by Edward Faragher.
1902 Marine Biological Station, Port Erin founded.
1902 King Edward VII visited the Island.
1904 Gordon Bennett Motor Trials first held.
1905 Injebreck reservoir completed.
1905 Ralph's 'The Birds of the Isle of Man' published.
1907 Manx National Anthem adopted on initiative of W. H. Gill
1907 Kermodes 'Manx Crosses' published.
1907 Manx Tourist Trophy motorcycle races first held.
1908 Death of Edward Faragher (Ned Beg Hum Ruy).
1909 A. W. Moore died.
1909 Marina Lodge purchased by Douglas Corporation and redeveloped as the Villa Marina.
1911 World Manx Association founded by Richard Cain.
1911 'Cooinaghtyn Manninagh' collection of Main folklore by Dr. John Clague (1842-1908), published posthumously.
1913 J. M. Nicholson, artist, died.
1914 Loyal Manx Association formed.
1914 Maughold Head lighthouse built.
1918 Introduction of income tax in Man.
1919 Enquests abolished by Act of 'Tynwald.
1919 Tynwald Court reconstituted.
1920 King George V visited the Island.
1922 Manx Museum founded.
1923 Manx Amateur Race (renamed Manx Grand Prix) was first held.
1929 Last mine at Laxey closed down.
1929 Upper Douglas Cable Tramway closed down.
1929 Peel Castle, Castle Rushen and Tynwald Hill transferred from the Crown to Manx Government.
1931 T. Hall Caine died.
1931 Calf of Man donated to National Trust.
1932 P. M. C. Kermode died.
1933 Blackpool and West coast Air Services Limited formed . first scheduled passenger air services introduced using Ronaldsway.
1935 Manx flag adopted.
1936 King Edward VIII Pier, Douglas built.
1938 Manx Regiment formed as a Territorial Army unit.
1938 Paintings by Moses Griffiths purchased for the Manx Museum.
1938 J. J. Kneen died.
1939 Alfred Hudson, the last Manx weaver at Cregneash died.
1939 War Emergency Committee set up.
1940 Over 10,000 internees in Manx camps.
1944 Kinvig's 'History of the Isle of Man' published.
1947 British European Airways took over air services to the Island.
1951 Nautical Museum, Castletown opened.
1957 Transfer of financial and other controls from the Crown to the Manx Government.
1961 Manx economy stimulated by financial incentives, including income tax reduction. New residents policy following population decline of almost 7,000 (1951-61).
1965 Curraghs Wildlife Park opened.
1970 Summerland pleasure complex, Douglas opened.
1972 Queen Elizabeth II visited the Island.
1973 Summerland. Douglas destroyed by fire.
1975 Banking Act provided for licensing of banks. Many banks attracted to Island.
1978 New Summerland opened.
1979 Millennium of Tynwald celebrations.
1979 Usury Act repealed leading to dramatic growth in Mans deposit base.
1982 Manx Airlines limited re-launched providing extensive services to and from the U.K. and Ireland.
1984 Merchant Shipping Registration Act followed much development in marine administration based on the Island.
1985 The Isle of Man Steam Packet Company and Sealink merge.
1986 Calf of Man handed over from the National Trust for England etc. to the Manx National Trust.
1986 Centenary of the Manx Museum and National Trust.
1995 Seacat services established by the Isle of Man Steam Packet Company.
1996 The Isle of Man Steam Packet Company taken over by Sea Containers Limited.
1997 House of Manannan opened in Peel.

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